MASA DEPAN BAHASA JAWA DAN BAHASA MADURA DI KABUPATEN JEMBER

Posted by on May 12, 2015 in Journal, Publikasi

MASA  DEPAN  BAHASA  JAWA  DAN  BAHASA MADURA DI KABUPATEN  JEMBER Dr. Hairus Salikin, M.Ed.  Hp. 08123481793 Fakultas Sastra Universitas Jember Jember merupakan salah satu kabupaten di Jawa Timur yang mayoritas penduduknya adalah suku Madura dan Jawa.  Suku Madura sebagian besar bedomisili di Jember bagian utara yang hidup secara berkelompok (sering disebut “taniyan lanjeng”) dan mereka pada umunnya berbahasa Madura.  Sedangkan Jember bagian selatan banyak terdapat kelompok suku Jawa dan berbahasa Jawa. Di Jember ahir ahir ini secara kuantitatif penutur bahasa daerah, terutama anak anak usia sekolah, mengalami penurunan. Walaupun kedua orang tua mereka bersuku jawa untuk daerah selatan dan bersuku madura untuk daerah utara, anak anak usia sekolah di daerah tersebut cenderung tidak memakai bahasa daerahnya masing masing dalam berkomunikasi dengan kedua orang tuanya. Apabila hal ini terjadi terus menerus  maka bukan hal yang tidak mungkin bahwa anak  anak tersebut  mengalami keterasingan terhadap bahasa daerahnya masing masing. Sebagai akibat lebih jauh dapat dipastikan penutur kedua bahasa daerah tersebut akan semakin berkurang. Ironisnya sejak beberapa tahun yang lalu yaitu dengan diberlakukannya  Undang Undang Nomor 22 Tahun 1999 tentang Otonomi Daerah,  seharusnya masyarakat mengedepankan pemakaian bahasa daerah masing masing. Sudah barang tentu hal tersebut harus dilakukan dengan tidak mengurangi pemakaian Bahasa Indonesia sebagai pemersatu bangsa. Dalam tulisan ini penulis sebagian mengacu pada apa yang ditulis Gossweiler (2001) tentang beberapa faktor yang menyebabkan menurunnya pemakaian bahasa daerah. Kata kunci :   bahasa jawa,  bahasa madura,  penututr  bahasa...

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Women’s Breaking Taboos in Cyberculture: Tearing up Patriarchal Net through Slash Fiction?

Posted by on May 12, 2015 in Journal, Publikasi

Women’s Breaking Taboos in Cyberculture: Tearing up Patriarchal Net through Slash Fiction?

Women’s Breaking Taboos in Cyberculture: Tearing up Patriarchal Net through Slash Fiction? (presented at International Conference on Language, Literature and Cultural Studies  conducted on 22-24 August 2013 by Burapha University, Thailand) Abstract Apart from women objectification in media as a topic commonly discussed either in scholarly or non scholarly context; this article provides an overview about women’s potential to become the subject rather than the object in the internet. Cyberculture providing more freedom and less control than offline world gives the same opportunities for everyone to actively participate in producing cultural symbols by constructing his/her expectation in the internet including breaking taboos prevailed in offline world. In terms of online slash fiction, a fiction about homosexual relationship written and uploaded in the internet by fans (mostly women) of particular source text, cyberculture enables women to become subject and construct their expectation as a response to the dominant ideology. In other words, being positioned as the subordinated gender in patriarchal culture, women are potential in generating a counter discourse towards the dominant ideology. More particularly, the women’s fantasy as seen in their online works shows that becoming a subject, the women enable what the so-called “female gaze” to exist. Some slash fictions written by Indonesian women and uploaded in www.fanfiction.net show how such female gaze exists and furthermore, how the women, in spite of being the second-class gender in patriarchal culture, attempt to break the cultural taboos by constructing their sexual expectation through the portrayal of their major male characters’ sexual activities. However, further analysis on the selected Indonesian women’s slash fictions, authors’ note and online interviews show that in spite of their potential of being the subject due to more freedom and less control in cyberculture, the women are not totally capable to liberate themselves from the dominant ideology concerning its discourse of women objectification as well as the sexual taboos in patriarchal culture.   Key Words: cyberculture, female gaze, sexual taboos, dominant ideology, slash...

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